The cascading style sheet (CSS) is a simple language combined with HTML or XHTML for efficiently designing the web pages. It handles the look and feel part of the web page. Using CSS; we can give style, color of text and fonts as well as spacing, column-size, layout design, screen sizes, giving other effects are possible. In HTML or XHTML page, we can use three types of CSS like inline, internal and external.
There are various facilities for utilization of CSS during website designing. These are mainly saving time, faster page loading, easy maintainability, compatibility of multiple devices, attractive website designing as well as supporting global web standards.
The CSS working group within W3C is responsible for creating and maintaining the CSS. The documents are created by a CSS working group which is termed as specification.
In 1996, December; the W3C recommended CSS version 1.0. This language actually describes simple visual formatting for all HTML tags. In May, 1998; CSS2 was released on CSS1 to support mainly media-specific style sheets like downloadable fonts, printers as well as tables.